CAM

(environmental minimum criteria). They represent technical specifications for certain categories of goods. They are contained in the decrees issued by the Italian Ministry of the Environment. CAM’s are mandatory for public procurement of green purchases – GPP.

CFP

(Carbon Footprint of Product). Impronta climatica di un prodotto. Methodology based on a LCA study in order to assess the GHG emssions of a product within its whole life cycle, “from cradle to grave”.

COP

(Conference of the Parties). (Conference of the Parties). Yearly meeting that represents the highest organ of the UNFCCC. There is discussed the level of implementation of the Convention and it can be introduced measures to high its enactment. In occassion of the COP3 in Kyoto, for example, has been accorded the Protocol which takes his name from the Japanese city.

EMS

Environmental management system. Part of the overall business management, it is used to monitor and improve the environmental aspects. There are two different normative references, an international standard (ISO 14001:2004) and an European Regulation (EMAS III).

EPD

(Environmental Product Declaration). Envrionmental Product Declaration realized according to ISO 14025. Though this acronym should refer to all existing schemes on internationl level, generally it is used to indicate the international scheme developed in Sweden.

EU ETS

(European Union Emissions Trading Scheme). Known as Emission Trading, this European cap and trade system is implemented by limiting the CO2 emissions of the organizations of certain industry sectors and by creating a European market where it is possible to buy and sell CO2 quota.

GHG

(Greenhouse Gas). Shortcut with which are identified on international level the greenhouse gases. Those comprise, beside CO2, methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O) and a number of organohalogenated products from chemical synthesis.

GPP

(Green Public Procurement). European Community tool to promote the diffusion of green purchases in the public administration

IPCC

(Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) is the main international organization for the evaluation of climate change. It has been created by UNEP and WMO to provide the world with a clear scientific view of the state of knowledge on climate change and its potential environmental and socio-economic impacts.

ISO

(International Organization for Standardization) is an international standardization body composed by the network of national standardization bodies of 162 countries. The general secretary which coordinates the system is headquartered in Geneva.

KP

(Kyoto Protocol) abbreviation used internationally to identify the well-known protocol that defines the goals of reducing GHG emissions for developed countries.

LCA

(Life Cycle Assessment). Life cycle assessment of a product. Methodology underlying the CFP and based on the requirements of ISO 14040 and ISO 14044.

NAP

(National Action Plan). Plans drawn up by the EU Member States for the implementation of the GPP and therefore of green purchasing policies

PCR

(Product Category Requirements). Specific requirements of the product category envisaged by ISO 14025 for Type III environmental declarations.