LCA, acronym of Life Cycle Assessment, is the abbreviation which all over the world is known as the methodology able to individualize and to quantify the environmental impacts of a product along its whole life cycle or, as it is normally defined, from cradle (extraction of the raw materials) to grave (final disposal of the product).
In this way, it is possible to understand in detail which are the phases with the greatest impact and though allow the adoption of planed choices or of specific interventions able to reduce such impacts over time. The obtainment of real benefits is generally tied to a reduction of wasting or to an increase of efficiency, what often has some evident economic effects.
To carry out an LCA means to get to know in depth a product, not only purely from the environmental point of view, but also for other aspects, as for example, the energetic one.
Once completed a LCA study, it becomes more easy to understand the consequences that the single planning choices can have on the whole life cycle of the product.
Furthermore the detailded picture, which the Life Cycle Assessment is based on, acts also as the basis for the development of other tools of sectoral analysis of the environmental impacts like the environmental product declaration (EPD) and the carbon footprint of product (CFP).
In general applying an LCA means also to increase the credibility and the reliability of the organization on the markets which are increasingly demanding and selective.
The access to the most adjourned databases, which contain the environmental impacts of the single products and raw materials, and the involvement in international projects and networks permit to Aequilibria to carry out reliable and credible LCA studies.